Coffee, cocoa and vanilla: an opportunity for more trees in tropical agricultural landscapes

The cultivation of coffee, cocoa and vanilla secures the income of many small-holder farmers and also drives land-use change. In particular, cultivation in agroforestry, in which these crops are combined with trees that provide shade, is considered to have great potential for ecologically sustainable cultivation. Researchers at the University of Göttingen now show that the land-use history of agroforestry systems plays a crucial role in assessing the sustainability of agroforestry. Results appeared in Conservation Letters.