Van der Waals junction spin valves without spacer layer

Distinct from traditional spin valves with a sandwich structure consisting of two ferromagnetic metals decoupled by the insertion of a non-magnetic spacer, recently, a research team led by Prof. Kaiyou Wang from Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, collaborating with their colleagues, has demonstrated two-state and three-state spin-valve effects using Fe3GeTe2 vdW homo-junctions without any spacer layer. Realization of multi spin states using the vdW interfaces could be important for non-volatile spintronic applications.