Deep learning: A new engine for ecological resource research

Deep learning is driven by big data, which brings new opportunities for target classification, detection, semantic segmentation, instance segmentation, and regression in ecological resource research. However, there are still great challenges in the standardization and sharing of data, the universality and interpretability of algorithms, and the enrichment and intelligence of applications. A recent study clarified the aforementioned frontier issues, which was published in the ‘Science China Terrae’ journal.